The origin of the Vidyapeeth dates
back to pre-independence period – 1921 when immediately after the demise of Lokmanya
Bal Gangadhar Tilak, his follower Mahatma Gandhi mooted the idea of establishing
a university in his memory. As we all are aware one of the postulates of the four
fold formula conceived by Lokmanya Tilak was National Education and the other three
being Swaraj, Swadeshi and Boycott. The delegates of the first Maharashtra Provincial
Conference on 6th May 1921 under the presidentship of Shrimat Shankaracharya of
Karveer Peeth decided to have National University in Maharashtra and thus the present
day Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth (TMV) was established.
Since inception, TMV the public
funded university had world renowned scholar Shri Shankaracharya Vidyashankar Bharati
alias Dr. Kurtakoti as its first Chancellor. This post has been held by other eminent
personalities of great intellect and recognition at the national level such as the
great Sanskrit Scholar Bharatacharya Shri. C. V. Vaidya, the first premier of Bombay
Presidency Shri. B. G. Kher, Dr. M. S. alias Lokanayak Bapusaheb Aney, a great Sanskrit
scholar and a historian Maha Mahopadhyay Datto Vaman Potdar, and Honorable Shri.
Y. B. Chavan, Shri. S. B. Chavan, Shri. Shivraj Patil, Shri. Sushilkumar Shinde
– all Union Home Ministers.
During the pre-independence period,
degrees awarded in the faculties of Arts, Management, Commerce and Engineering as
well as the research works in Sanskrit and Ayurveda were world acclaimed and recognized.
Similarly, in the post-independence period, the degrees of Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth
were equivalent to the degrees of other statutory universities.
Though late, it was only in the
year 1987 that the University Grants Commission took cognizance of significant work
of TMV in the fields of Sanskrit, Ayurveda, Social Sciences and Distance Education
and thereby on its recommendations, the Government of India conferred the “Deemed
to be University” status upon Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth. With this conferrment
of “Deemed to be University” status, the Vidyapeeth gained recognition at national
The concept of Non-formal Education
was first discussed at national level only in the year 1985 and thereby the TMV
contributed to this national vision by launching distance education course (B.A.).
TMV takes pride in the fact that distance education programme was launched prior
to the establishment of IGNOU at national level and YCMOU at state level.
Since establishment, TMV had very
rich human resources, however, being a public funded university, Vidyapeeth could
not make any significant progress owing to financial constraints. It is true that
on one hand the Vidyapeeth had limited resources and on the other hand less support
was rendered by Central/State Government.
With the conferrment of “Deemed
to be University” status in 1987 the Vidyapeeth received its first financial assistance
for the development of campus during the last phase of VIII Plan and simultaneously
the State Government also sanctioned salary component for few teaching (17) and
non-teaching posts (52). Since then the Vidyapeeth has also received financial support
for development/research purpose from UGC/State Government. It is to be noted that
for smooth and efficient functioning of the Vidyapeeth, requisite teaching and non-teaching
staff were employed from its own funds.
Considerable research work has been
conducted by the faculties of Sanskrit, Social Sciences and Ayurveda with its respective
prime focus on –
• promotion and protection of our great Indian heritage and tradition through the
study of Sanskrit – the original source of all Indian languages and Sanskrit Sourcesof
• application of innovative concept of interdisciplinary approach to emerging social
issues and challenges; to create awareness among deprived sections of society;
• impart ayurvedic knowledge of preventive medicine and positive health to the masses
in context of oral prescriptions, study of manuscripts to current trends indrugs
and clinical trials.
Later in the year 2000, the Distance
Education Council (DEC), New Delhi gave its recognition and offered financial assistance
for distance education programmes.
By the year 2004 there happened
to be boom in the fields of computer and management and thereby the student strength
of the Vidyapeeth for courses in these fields also increased. Now with prime focus
on its core fields i.e. Sanskrit, Ayurveda, Social Sciences, intact, Vidyapeeth
re-oriented itself in order to offer new courses that cater to the student community
and meet the demands of industrial sector by seeking requisite approvals from statutory
councils – NCTE / AICTE / INC / MSCOTP / MSBTE and BCI the Vidyapeeth launched B.Ed.
& M.Ed. / BHMCT / B.Sc. Nursing / BPT / Diploma Engineering / LL.B. courses respectively.
Vidyapeeth has always adhered to
the MHRD/UGC/DEC guidelines. With regard to the UGC policy related to access, equity,
quality, research and so on, the Vidyapeeth has tried its level best to reach the
unreached. Now today Vidyapeeth has state-of-the-art infrastructure facilities,
requisite qualified and dedicated faculties and administrative staff along with
allied facilities to foster a positive learning environment.
Several eminent personalities such
as Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Zakir Husain, Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma,
Dr. Raghunath Mashelkar, Dr. Anil Kakodkar, Shri. Sharad Pawar, Shri. Pranab Mukherji
and others during their visit to the Vidyapeeth campus have appreciated its uniqueness,
amicable culture and rigirous research work.