Vishwanath Gopal Palshikar was born on 7th January 1945, at Dhule in Maharashtra
State. He obtained his degree of Bachelor of Arts from Nagpur University in 1965
and acquired the degree in law (LL.B.) from Pune University, having secured 3rd
position in merit.
On 28th June 1968, he started practice before the Nagpur Bench of the
Bombay High Court. Practicing on all branches of law. Actively participated for
improvement of the legal profession and was elected as a member of the Bar Council
of Maharashtra in 1977. He became Vice Chairman in 1984 of the Bar Council of Maharashtra.
He has a liking to write educative articles in law. Several of his articles are
published in law journals throughout the country.
From the year 1975 to 1984 he was Honorary Lecturer of law in the university college
of law at Nagpur. During that period of 10 years he taught law of torts, law of
crimes and civil procedure code, 1908.
On 20th January 1994, he was appointed Additional Judge of the Bombay
High Court and after 5 days of sitting was transferred to the High Court of Rajasthan,
where he served the High Court till May 2001. In June 2001, he was transferred to
Bombay High Court and functioned as a judge of the Bombay High Court till 7th
During his career as Judge he decided several important matters like validity of
the Maharashtra control of Organized Crime Act, 1999, abolition of Revenue Tribunal
Since, 2003, he was Chairman of the advisory committee in relation to preventive
detention under the Maharashtra Prevention of Dangerous Activities etc. Act, whereunder
Slumlords, bootleggers, and extortionists were detained whose representations were
considered by the Advisory Board. During this period he was also chairman of the
Advisory Board under the COFEPOSA. In the year 2006, 2 more Advisory Boards pertaining
to preventive Detention were also chaired by him. During 13 years of his career
as a judge he has dealt with all important branches of law including Criminal and
detention matters. He acted as Chief Justice for about 7 months between October
2005 and December 2006.
Justice Palshikar has decided many issues of national importance during his tenure
as a judge of the Bombay High Court. He has dealt with the issue of Brain Mapping
of accused for evidence to be used against him, reported in 2004 (1) Bom. C.R. 657.
There was a case reported in 2003 (0) Bom. C.R. (cri.) 947, Bharat Shah V/s State
of Maharashtra where the validity of an Act being Maharashtra Control of organized
Crimes Act was challenged seeking that the entire Act was unconstitutional and so
has to be struck down. Justice Palshikar held that although some provisions like
sec.13, 14 were required to be struck down, the entire act was enacted for better
control of organized crime and hence the same needs to be upheld. This judgment
has been upheld by the Supreme Court of India. Justice Palshikar has also decided
many cases pertaining to administrative law and is known in the Judiciary for his
experience in the fields of Constitution, Administrative law and criminal Laws.
Justice Palshikar also has a flair for writing and his article pertaining to unconstitutional
amendment of the constitution of India which is reported in The Indian Journal of
Justice Palshikar is a firm believer of Alternate Remedies and was a chairman of
the Maharashtra State Legal aid and Services Authority Committee and propagated,
by popular means, the necessity for alternate systems of dispute resolution.
Since retirement he is actively involved in Arbitration and presently about 40 cases
are being dealt with.
In year 2008 he was designated as a Senior Counsel by the Supreme Court of India.
Thereafter on several occasions he appeared as senior counsel in the Supreme Court
of India and other High Courts.
He was appointed as chairman of the selection committee for the selection of vice-chancellor
of Solapur University. He is also Chairman of the committee for implementation of
the Schedule Caste & Schedule Tribes Prevention of Atrocities Act, 1989 for last